SOPRAN is a joint project funded by the BMBF (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung) as well as a German national contribution to the International SOLAS programme. It addresses three aspects of atmosphere-ocean interaction:
SOPRAN’s focus is on processes operating within and close to the surface ocean, and their potential changes over the next century. The project is an integrated study of surface ocean response to global atmospheric change, combining the insights gained from different disciplines (marine and atmospheric chemistry, biological and physical oceanography) and methods (observations and modelling). SOPRAN aims to deliver an improved description of the effects of global atmospheric change on the sensitive marine ecosystems.